Animals crossing the border between India and Bangladesh, known as the ‘Jungle of Joy’, have also become an increasing concern.
But there are signs that the country is starting to move on from these concerns.
According to the latest figures, about 14,000 animals crossed from Bangladesh in March, up from about 6,000 in March 2016.
Bangladesh has also recorded an increase in the number of animals it kills for its meat.
“India has not been a very good country in terms of its animals,” says Rajiv Kumar, a researcher with Animal Liberation India, a non-profit organisation that advocates for animal rights.
“There have been very few cases of animal cruelty in India.
But now, I believe, India is catching up with Bangladesh.”
According to Kumar, animals in Bangladesh are treated inhumanely.
“I think the country has learnt a lot from Bangladesh.
It is taking steps to protect its animals and they are working on protecting the border,” he says.
According, to Kumar’s estimates, Bangladeshis kill about 6m animals every year.
He believes India’s rate is higher, estimating that Bangladesh’s total animal population could be 10m.
In India, the number and size of animals crossing the borders has increased by 10-15 per cent in the last decade, with more than one million animals crossing over in just the last year.
The animals often suffer from injuries and are left to fend for themselves, as well as be forced to scavenge for food, Kumar says.
There are also more cases of animals being killed for their meat, he adds.
“India’s meat production is very high and they have to deal with the demand,” Kumar says, citing the country’s high price of beef.
Kumar says there are also signs that India is starting not to worry about the animal welfare issue.
“They are not saying that they are doing anything against the animals.
They are just moving on,” he adds, pointing to the increase in cattle killings.
But some farmers argue that India’s lax enforcement of the law against animal trafficking is making it a difficult issue for the government to control.
“The government is being too lenient,” says Kishore Kumar, the president of the Animal Protection and Protection League (APPL).
“The animals have to be given the right to live.
It needs to be done in a humane way.
If we don’t enforce the law, it will be a very difficult situation for us,” he argues.APPL has filed several petitions against the Border Security Force (BSF), a part of the Border Roads Force, which is responsible for the border.
According to Kumar and others, the BSF does not enforce the laws, and is instead allowing animals to cross at will.
“The BSF is not doing anything, and it is the responsibility of the state to enforce the rules,” Kumar argues.
According the APPL, about 500 animals are killed for meat each year on the border, with the animals dying at the hands of the BSA.
Kishore says that in 2017, he received information that the BSS had killed about 4,000 elephants and 2,000 rhinos in the border area.
“In 2017, the government has killed 2,500 elephants in the BSP and only around 100 rhinos,” he notes.
Kumara, the animal rights activist, believes that the border is being used as a breeding ground for illegal wildlife trade, and that illegal wildlife is being smuggled across the border at a rapid rate.
“We are seeing an increase of illegal wildlife entering into India.
There are many animals that are being sold for meat,” he explains.
The problem of illegal animal crossing is not new.
In recent years, India has also seen an increase and escalation in border violence.
According the latest statistics, about 466 people died in cross-border incidents in the first seven months of this year.
India’s Border Security Forces (BSFs) have been deployed along the country-wide border to keep an eye on animals crossing, but it has not deterred animal smugglers.
“These animals are not allowed to leave the border and even if they are allowed to, the authorities are not enforcing the rules on them,” says Kumar.
Kurian Dutta, the chief secretary of the Department of Animal Welfare, has also expressed concern about the growing numbers of animals that have crossed the border in the past year.
“Many people are getting into the border illegally.
They use the border to cross to another area or sell their animals.
But in the end, the animals are taken to the nearest town,” he has said.
But while India has not yet taken action to curb the illegal animal trade, other countries are beginning to take action.
Last year, Australia introduced a law that prohibits animal smuggling and encourages the authorities to enforce laws on animal trafficking.
Last week, Turkey’s government passed a law making it illegal to sell animals for profit, but only for a short time.